Tuesday, October 13, 2020
As summarized in a earlier GT weblog publish, California’s Blueprint for a Safer Economic system established standards for alleviating and tightening restrictions on the actions of California residents and companies primarily based on counties’ Coronavirus Illness 2019 (COVID-19) an infection charges. When the system took impact initially on Aug. 31, the state assigned every county one in every of 4 color-coded tiers – Widespread (purple), Substantial (purple), Reasonable (orange), or Minimal (yellow) – primarily based on two elements: common each day case charge and take a look at positivity charge. To maneuver right into a much less restrictive tier, a county should meet the factors for the much less restrictive tier for the earlier two weeks.
Efficient Oct. 6, a 3rd criterion took impact. The California Well being Fairness Metric is meant to scale back disparities of COVID-19 transmission in deprived communities hardest-hit by the virus and is reportedly the primary of its type on the state degree within the nation. The metric has two parts.
First, a county’s take a look at positivity charge for its most deprived neighborhoods, recognized by quite a few social, financial, and well being elements from census knowledge, should not lag considerably behind the county’s total take a look at positivity charge for the earlier two weeks. Second, counties should submit by Oct. 13 a focused funding plan that identifies its disproportionately impacted populations, gives the proportion of the county’s COVID-19 circumstances in these populations, and describes the way it plans to make use of federal grant funds at equal to or larger than the proportion of COVID-19 circumstances in its disproportionately impacted populations to scale back virus transmission in these populations. (Given knowledge limitations in smaller counties, the primary part doesn’t apply to counties with fewer 106,000 residents; such counties nonetheless should submit a focused funding plan.)
The Well being Fairness Metric additionally permits for accelerated development right into a much less restrictive tier. Counties in purple or purple tiers whose case charges are declining however that haven’t but met the brink for the much less restrictive tier can nonetheless advance to the much less restrictive tier if the take a look at positivity charges each countywide and within the county’s deprived neighborhoods meet the brink for the tier that’s two tiers much less restrictive than the present tier for the earlier two weeks. Counties within the orange tier can advance to yellow if, countywide and in deprived neighborhoods, the take a look at positivity and case charges meet specified thresholds. Notably, the Well being Fairness Metric is just not factored into whether or not a county will transfer to a extra restrictive tier.
The Well being Fairness Metric encourages counties to commit extra sources to underserved communities hardest hit by the virus – an crucial that may grow to be more and more vital throughout communities as extra counties transfer into much less restrictive tiers and extra actions resume. The metric, nevertheless, provides one other hurdle for counties to cross and carries the potential to sluggish the state’s financial restoration ought to counties fail to take acceptable motion. Employers ought to proceed to remain abreast of the place the counties by which they function stand on the state’s tier system and seek the advice of relevant native public well being orders earlier than resuming regular enterprise actions.
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